2000 years old and full of life
Neuss is one of the oldest cities in Germany. Over 2,000 years ago, the Romans laid the headstone with the “Novaesium” legion camp at the mouth of the Erft into the Rhine.
Since 1475 the city held the Hanse-privilege, granted by Emperor Frederick III. Neuss had good trade relations with the Netherlands, and long-distance trade extended through northern German cities to the Baltic States. Wines, spices and brewery products are still traded in Neuss today.
On a walk through the historic quarter you can see many testimonies of time. Worth seeing are the Quirinus Münster, at the same time a symbol of the city, and the Obertor. Culture in Neuss scores all year round: Classical concerts in the Zeughaus, the highly acclaimed Shakespeare Festival and the Hombroich cultural area delight visitors from near and far. The highlight every year is the Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest on the last weekend in August. Magnificent parades, evening balls and a colourful hustle and bustle on the festival meadow reflect the pulsating joy of life in the city on the Rhine. The Alpenpark Neuss, an active leisure park open all year round with a ski hall, alpine golf, climbing park and fun football, promises snow and fun.
A great event casts its shadow: From 26 to 29 May 2022, the city of Neuss will be holding the 42nd International Hanseatic Day.
Quirinus Münster (1209-1230)
The town’s landmark is one of the most important late Romanesque churches on the Lower Rhine. Over the course of time, the Wolbero building underwent significant changes, the largest being a fire in 1741. The baroque dome features a statue of St. Quirinus. In 2009, the church was elevated to the status of basilica minor by Pope Benedict XVI.
Obertor (13. Jh.)
The stately Upper Gate with Upper Gate Chapel is part of the medieval town fortifications, along with the Windmill Tower and the Blood Tower. Flanked by two mighty round towers, the gate is the only one of the former six city gates still standing and its considerable size bears witness to the importance and self-confidence of the medieval city. As part of the affiliated Clemens Sels Museum, the old city gate houses collections on Roman and medieval history.
With the construction of a waterway between the Rhine and the Meuse, the Grand Canal du Nord, Napoleon Bonaparte initiated an ambitious project that was never completed. At the crossing of the North Canal with the Upper Erft, a previously unknown technical structure was built, the so-called Epanchoir. In 2016, this structure was extensively restored and is now one of the treasures of historical sights.
Harbour (19. Jh.)
In the Middle Ages, the port of Neuss was an important transhipment point and the driving force behind the industrial boom in the city. In recent years, the first harbour basin in particular has been visually upgraded. Fish markets are held there several times a year and the promenade is an inviting place to stroll.
Armoury (Mitte 17. Jh.)
The Franciscan Observants once used the building as a church and monastery. After secularisation, the nave served as a military armoury, i.e. a place to store weapons. This is where the name of the building ensemble comes from, which is now used as a venue for concerts and events.